Biogeography as evidence that evolution accounts

Wallace conducted fieldwork researching the habits, breeding and migration tendencies, and feeding behavior of thousands of species.

One scientist who recognized the importance of these geographic locations was Charles Darwinwho remarked in his journal "The Zoology of Archipelagoes will be well worth examination". However, the splits between the clades are more recent than the breakup of Gondwanaland which suggests that perhaps the cichlids achieved their distribution by dispersal.

Several geological processes can fragment a population into two, such as a mountain range emerging, rivers, lakes, or land bridges.

As one of the first to contribute empirical data to the science of biogeography through his travel as an explorer, he observed differences in climate and vegetation. Historical geographic factors and the history of the earth are a few aspects that have led to current biodiversity.

This fossil record shows that many kinds of extinct organisms were very different in form from any now living. In the meantime, Darwinism in the latter part of the 19th century faced an alternative evolutionary theory known as neo-Lamarckism.

The English physician Erasmus Darwingrandfather of Charles Darwin, offered in his Zoonomia; or, The Laws of Organic Life —96 some evolutionary speculations, but they were not further developed and had no real influence on subsequent theories. These habitats are often much more manageable areas of study because they are more condensed than larger ecosystems on the mainland.

Darwin and Alfred Wallace were both very interested in biogeography, which provided Darwin with evidence for evolution. An example of vicarance is taxa that have members on different land masses in the Southern Hemisphere, which is hypothesized to be due to the breakup of Gondwanaland isolating descendents of common ancestors.

Use of an organ or structure reinforces it; disuse leads to obliteration. The theory of plate tectonicswhich was formulated in the late s, revealed that the configuration and position of the continents and oceans are dynamicrather than static, features of Earth. This gave dark-coloured moths a better chance of surviving to produce dark-coloured offspring, and in just fifty years from the first dark moth being caught, nearly all of the moths in industrial Manchester were dark.

The brain sizes of H. Buffon saw similarities between some regions which led him to believe that at one point continents were connected and then water separated them and caused differences in species. Extinction can lead to diversification in that it resets the stage for evolutionary radiations, perhaps by permitting the appearance of new community structures.

Species that had been evolving in isolation were brought together at this point and forced to compete. Comparative anatomy also reveals why most organismic structures are not perfect. This notion of a radical separation between germ plasm and soma—that is, between the reproductive tissues and all other body tissues—prompted Weismann to assert that inheritance of acquired characteristics was impossible, and it opened the way for his championship of natural selection as the only major process that would account for biological evolution.

Read the first edition, as later editions include convoluted attempts to describe inheritance. These changes may be described at the level of genes and genetic variation, or at the level of observable traits phenotypes.


The history of life recorded by fossils presents compelling evidence of evolution. 2) Biogeography is one source of evidence that evolution accounts for the diversity of life.

Biogeography is the study of the geographic distribution of species and has contributed evidence for descent from common ancestors, which was hypothesized by Charles Darwin.

Indeed, virtually all aspects of biology can be viewed in one way or another as providing evidence of evolution. Evolution is what accounts for the signs of shared biological ancestry that appear throughout our natural world, ranging from anatomy and development, to fossils, to.

Evidence that supports evolution includes fossil evidence, biogeographical evidence, anatomical evidence and biochemical evidence. Discuss each of these ideas and how they support the. Evolution: Evolution, theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in successive generations.

It is one of the keystones of modern biological theory. Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in is a key mechanism of evolution, the change in the heritable traits characteristic of a population over generations.

Charles Darwin popularised the term "natural selection", contrasting it with artificial selection, which is intentional, whereas natural selection. Biogeography, the study of living things around the globe, helps solidify Darwin’s theory of biological evolution.

Natural selection

Basically, if evolution is real, you’d expect groups of organisms that are related to one another to be clustered near one another because related organisms come from the same common ancestor.

Biogeography as evidence that evolution accounts
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